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1. What business benefits do cloud computing
services provide? What problems do they solve?

Clod computing is the delivery of computing services, i.e. servers, storage, databases, networking, software, analytics, Intelligence over the internet to offer faster innovation, flexible resources and economies of scale. It is simply a system which software programs and applications are accessed and used virtually through internet connection.
The business benefits of cloud computing provides are:
1. INCREASED COLLABORATION AND PRODUCTIVITY: By sharing storage, workflows and online tools, cloud computing services allow staff members to work offsite just as easily as in the office. Workers can also manage their projects on the go using smartphones, tablet or laptop. It also helps in reducing the dependence on one main connection because it allows you to use any internet connection to access your data.
2. ELASTICITY: Companies can scale up as computing needs increase and scale down again as demands decrease. This eliminates the need for massive Investment in local Infrastructure which may or may not remain active.
3. MIGRATION FLEXIBILITY: Organisations can move certain workloads to or from the cloud or to different cloud platforms as desired or automatically for better cost savings or also to use new services as they emerge.
4. SECURITY: Cloud providers offer a broad set of policies, technologies and controls that strengthen your security position overall, helping protect your data applications and Infrastructures from potential threats.
5. SPEED: Most cloud computing services are provided self service and on demand, so even vast amount of computing resources can be done in minutes, typically with just a few clicks giving business flexibility and taking pressure of capacity planning.
6. COST: Moving to cloud computing may reduce the cost of managing and maintaining your IT systems. Instead of getting expensive systems and equipment for your business, you can reduce your costs by using the resources of your cloud computing service provider.
Cloud Computing solves problems like:
1. Risky security
2. Poor communication
3. Limited access
4. Provides flexible paying options.
5. Cost Efficiency

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2. What are the disadvantages of cloud computing?
1. POSSIBLE DOWNTIME: Cloud computing makes your business dependent on the reliability of internet connection that means when your internet is down, your business is also down. If your internet service suffers from frequent outages or slow speeds. Cloud computing may not be suitable for your business. Even the most reliable cloud computing services providers suffer outages now and again.
2. SECURITY IN THE CLOUD: Although security in the cloud is generally good and reliable, established cloud computing vendors ensure they have the latest most sophisticated data security systems as data security is always a big concern for any business. Sharing information in the cloud will make your company vulnerable to the external hack attacks and threats. As the servers are interconnected in the cloud keep in mind also that your cloud data is accessible from anywhere on the internet meaning that if a data breach occurs via hacking a dissatisfied employee or careless username password security, your business data can be compromised.
3. INFLEXIBILITY: While choosing a cloud computing vendor, be careful that the terms and conditions don’t lock you into using their proprietary applications or formats. There may be conditions such that you cannot insert a document created in another application, which may be detrimental to your business.
4. LACK OF SUPPORT: Cloud based services always do not have the best customer care support system. It may be difficult to get them on the phone by email and they often don’t provide illustrated user manuals.
5. TECHNICAL ISSUES: You should be aware of the fact that this technology is always prone to outages and other technical issues. Even the best cloud service providers run into this kind of trouble. In spite of keeping up high standards of maintenance. You will need a very good internet connection to be logged onto the server at all times.

3. How do the concepts of capacity planning, scalability, and TCO apply to this case? Apply
these concepts both to Amazon and to subscribers of its services.
Capacity planning is the process of foreseeing when a computer hardware system becomes saturated to ensure that suitable computing resources are available for work of different priorities and that the firm has enough computing power for its current and future needs. Amazon must plan its future needs to be capable of providing sufficient computing power for both AWS and Amazon retail services, a lack of which will result in the a fore mentioned rejection by subscribers.
Relating to capacity planning is scalability, which is defined as the ability of a computer, product, or system to expand to serve a large number of users without breaking down. Scalability is the ability of a system, network or process to handle a growing amount of work in capable manner. Scalability relates to both Amazon and AWS subscribers. Amazon must be able to provide its customers with services that are expanded and upgraded.
Total Cost Ownership (TCO) is a financial estimate intended to help buyer and owners determine the direct and indirect cost of a product or system.
Amazon must provide hardware capacity planning and scalability. With the development of information technology, Amazon will have more and more customers. Not just Amazon, but Amazon’s customer requires a large database to store a variety of data and information. This will help the company grow. Amazon must bear the total TCO of its services, while Amazon is also needed to maintain the profitability of the company. However, the services’ subscribers benefit from not having to worry about these issues.

What kinds of businesses are most likely to benefit from using cloud computing? Why?

1. DATA SECURITY: Data security firms can benefit greatly from cloud computing because they can move their customer’s files around continually making them much more difficult to find and hack this is a real advantage to business of digital data security.

2. GLOBAL CORPORATIONS: Any company that has either franchise or offices all around the globe can also benefit from cloud computing. Each office can stay in touch with others and they can share Information as needed. When it becomes obvious that a physical location isn’t needed at all, the cloud is the hot spot of company activity.

3. HEALTHCARE AND FINANCIAL ORGANISATIONS: Healthcare organization must be sufficiently responsive and adaptive to cope with shifting industry regulations and again attentiveness is one of the clouds main selling points. Cloud adoption allows for the more flexible administration and instant access to client records.

4. INSURANCE COMPANIES: Cloud computing allows you to connect with your clients in the most convenient way. When dealing with insurance sales the cloud is the best resource you can experience real time collaboration. Communicate within channels and set up customer portals that will help you and your customers keep track of their account and statuses because it speeds up the process when you have the information you need right in front of you and your customers will appreciate your organization and efficiency.

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