Identify and formulate questions and hypothesis for research Hypothesis


Identify and formulate questions and hypothesis for research

Hypothesis: for the process of making children technology in humans and animals is used to accomplish pregnancy. ICIS/IVF technology covers a wide range of treatments such as ovulation induction, (not made by nature/fake) insemination, in-vitro (allowing an egg to grow and develop into a living thing), intrafallopian move, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, preimplantation (related to tiny chemical assembly instructions inside of living things) (identification of a disease or problem, or its cause), (when one person is ordered to do the job of another) and many more. This life-creating ability treatments are used on woman who cannot carry a baby in pregnancy or give birth without treatment if man or woman suffer from inability to have children/grow crops problems because of (too much of one thing and not enough of another) in (chemicals produced by the body) or having irregular menstrual cycles which could be the case of a medical condition “polycystic ovary disease” than to help these people with (allowing an egg to grow and develop into a living thing) they can begin/try (chemical produced by the body) replacement explanation (of why something works or happens the way it does).
Focus questions:
1) How does IVF assist reproduction?
2) What are the different ways technology has improved the chances of getting pregnant?
3) How does ICSI help males and females who are infertile?
Reflection of each focus questions
How does IVF assist reproduction?
1. Does the question deal with a topic or issue that interests me enough to spark my own thoughts and opinions?
This question is very interesting as it would allow me to understand how many people IVF helps to give their newborn baby a better chance of survival. I believe that IVF helps are very helpful as they help the parents and the baby more of a chance to survive and less of a chance for any missing body parts or any deformities.
2. Is the question easily and fully researchable?
I have done lots of research on how IVF assist reproduction? I got about 902,000 results. If I type IVF, I get About 30,400,000 results. On the first search I received many websites the first to appear was www.varta.org.au. On the second search for IVF I received a large variety of websites and articles the first one to appear is a very reliable website www.ivf.com.au/fertility-treatment/ivf-treatment.
3. What type of information do I need to answer the research question?
I need information about the different communities and reglious perspectives and views as well as the statistics of the amount of people that are hurt or disagree with ICIS or IVF.
I will need to find information about the technologies available for IVF, the processes of these technologies, the risks of the procedure are and the information that can be identified from them as this will point to/show why parents would decide to choose IVF. This would then allow me to identify how it may be helpful or harmful to the unborn baby. This information will be found in article websites books forums and news reports. Another aspect of this report is the understanding of the study of living things/qualities of living things, trying to find the truth about the qualities of living things by asking questions and figuring out the worth of the unborn baby related to the body function of the baby and what issues are involved.
Understanding biology in the reproduction the body parts involved and the baby development. To Investigate biology will be going more deeply into the topics intro-virtro-ferritization, the method of ivf, the risks of IVF and the disavanged of IVF the past the present and the future process of IVF and abnormalities. Elevating biology issues will discuss abortion, risks and altering societies perspectives.
4. Is the scope of this information reasonable?
Better health channel
https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au – 5/21/2018
Testing woman and testing the fetus as evident from the sources listed and the dates of their publications, I am going to use this to find information that is recent and reliable as well as up to date to answer my research questions. This will give me information about the society and their opinion on IVF then I can analysis how it has changed and how it’s still relevant.

5. Given the type and scope of the information that I need, is my question too broad, too narrow, or o.k.?
This research question covers many topics of IVF which expand into other aspects of IVF allowing me to access many documents and websites with reliable data but although it has a lot of information there is a problem with how much there is it’s hard to prove if the information is correct therefore this question I would say is too broad due to this issue.
6. What sources will have the type of information that I need to answer the research question (journals, books, websites, magazines, government documents, and people)?
Medical websites: IVF Australia, treatments, specialists, fees, clinic https://www.ivf.com.au/ updated
?Book: Moses and Mosaic, (6th century BC), the Bible
? Book: Duntley, M (February 2011) Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology, volume 21 issue 1, www.sciencedirect.com
? Book/journal: Marcia C Inhorn, (2010) Religion and Reproductive Technologies, volume 46 issue 2, www.anthrosource.onlinelibrary.com
? Article: Arthur L. Grail, (1989 (when reproductive technology became big)), the Religious Response to Reproductive Technology, www.religion-online.com

7. Can I access these sources? State where source is accessed!!
These sources can be access through: the school library the internet act.
these sources can be accessed online or by renting them at the Albany Creek Library where there are many different sources to use and primary and secondary sources can be found as well as the religious perspectives and views can all be found at the Albany creek library.
8. Given my answers to the above questions, do I have a good quality research question that I will be able to answer by doing research?
Overall, I think this research question is quite a good one, although out of the 3 chosen, this one doesn’t come close to be the best. This is because it focuses on religious perspectives on assisted reproduction in its entirety, instead of only focusing on IVF (as it is the chosen research topic).

Brief of focus question
Overall, I believe that IVF can help assist many people with pregnancy. The chances are a lot higher of getting pregnant. The process of IVF is where the egg is combined with a sperm outside the body, removing the egg from the woman’s ovaries and allowing the sperm to fertilize it in a IVF facility once the egg has been fertilized it will develop in the embryo culture for 2-6 days then is transferred back into the same woman’s ovaries to then try to achieve pregnancy. Although this process seems to have great intentions there are also many ricks that can occur during the procedure such as:
OHSS – A possibly serious condition which is not only the most common difficulty but, in very rare cases, can lead to blood clots, (organ that creates urine) failure and even death. According to VARTA.org, “in 2013, 294 women (0.7 per cent of all stimulated cycles) were hospitalized because of OHSS”. However, it is important to note that all IVF programs monitor patients carefully to (make something as small as possible/treat something important as unimportant) the risk of OHSS. This condition can develop because of the life-creating ability drugs which are used in IVF to stimulate the ovaries to produce many eggs.
Breast cancer – Many large studies have (examined closely so the truth can be found) the relationship between the use of life-creating ability drugs and breast cancer. Combining these studies, “the risk of using life-creating ability drugs has been (examined closely so the truth can be found) in over 45,000 women and no overall increase in the rate of breast cancer has been found” (www.academic.oup.humrep/article).
IVF Benefits-
(Like ICSI, IVF allows couples a chance to have a baby even with extreme male inability to have children/grow crops issues)
Blocked tubes – For women with blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, IVF provides the best opportunity of having a child using their own eggs.
Older patients/ patients with low ovarian reserve – IVF can be used to (make as big as possible) the chance of older patients understanding/creating. With both older woman and those with low ovarian reserve, doctors tend to use Natural IVF to focus on the quality of eggs, rather than the amount.
Unexplained inability to have children/grow crops – According to www.creatfertillity.co.uk, “1 in 6 couples will suffer life-creating ability problems and sometimes these remain undiagnosed after (act of asking questions and trying to find the truth about something)”. These patients may benefit from (action that helps a bad situation).
PCOS – Polycystic ovary disease is common condition in which there is a (chemical produced by the body) (too much of one thing and not enough of another) leading to irregular menstrual cycles. IVF has proved very successful in patients with PCOS, who will not understand/create with ovulation induction
Endometriosis – IVF has proved successful for patients with endometriosis (where parts of the womb lining grow outside the womb.
(too) early or soon ovarian failure – Women with (too) early or soon ovarian failure can have IVF treatment using donor eggs, which usually has high success rates.
Focus question 2: What are the different ways technology has improved the chances of getting pregnant?

1. Does the question deal with a topic or issue that interests me enough to spark my own thoughts and opinions?
This question sparks my interest as it allows me to understand and elaborate on the different ways that technology has improved the chances pf getting pregnant and the many ways to do so (natural and the unnatural way). And to talk about how certain regions disagree with one or the other and what most people prefer as in ICIS or IVF and the pros and cons of both.

2. Is the question easily and fully researchable?
The research on What are the different ways technology has improved the chances of getting pregnant? I got 453,000,000 results for every 53 seconds. If I type the different ways technology has improved to assist reproduction? I get About 238,000,000 results. On the first search I received many websites the first to appear was www.varta.org.au , On the second search I received a large variety of websites and articles the first one to appear is a very reliable website www.ivf.com.au/fertility-treatment/ivf-treatment.

3. What type of information do I need to answer the research question?
I need information about the different communities and reglious perspectives and views as well as the statistics of the amount of people that would consider or disagree completely with using new technology to assist their pregnancy.
I will need to find information about the different technologies available for pregnancy assists, the processes of these technologies, what the risks of the procedure are and the information that can be identified from them as this will show why parents would decide to use technology. This would then allow me to identify how it may be helpful or harmful it is to the unborn baby. This information will be found in article websites books forums and news reports.
4. Is the scope of this information reasonable?
The scope of the information is reasonable as it is an ongoing argument as to if using technology to assist your pregnancy is good or bad. There are many sources on this topic, and if this technology could improve the chances of giving birth if your infertile

5. Given the type and scope of the information that I need, is my question too broad, too narrow, or o.k.?
This research question covers many topics of the technology used which will expand into other aspects of IVF or ICIS allowing me to access many documents and websites with reliable data I would say this research question is ok there are no issues regarding the information most sources are reliable and extremely useful.

6. What sources will have the type of information that I need to answer the research question (journals, books, websites, magazines, government documents, and people)?
• Online Resource: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com, gives many sources and documents to assist my research on the topic.
• Website: https://www.varta.org.au talks about the IVF and how its involved
• Website: https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au
• Book/journal: Marcia C Inhorn, (2010) Religion and Reproductive Technologies, volume 46 issue 2, www.anthrosource.onlinelibrary.com
• Article: Arthur L. Grail, (1989 (when reproductive technology became big), the Religious Response to Reproductive Technology, www.religion-online.com
• Medical websites: IVF Australia, treatments, specialists, fees, clinic https://www.ivf.com.au updated

7. Can I access these sources? State where source is accessed!!
These sources can be access through: the school library the internet etc.
these sources can be accessed online or by renting them at the Albany Creek Library where there are many different sources to use and primary and secondary sources can be found as well as the religious perspectives and views can all be found at the Albany creek library.

8. Given my answers to the above questions, do I have a good quality research question that I will be able to answer by doing research?
Overall, I think this research question is a good one, although out of the 3 chosen, this one doesn’t come close to be the best. This is because it focuses on religious perspectives on assisted reproduction in its entirety as well as the different technology that would be used.

Brief of research question
Technology is always changing for the better, it has rapidly assisted many people to achieve pregnancy

FQ3) What happens to the left-over embryo will the egg damage ovaries?
1. Does the question deal with a topic or issue that interests me enough to spark my own thoughts and opinions?
This question allows me to understand and elaborate on the left-over embryo and if it damages the ovaries and to talk about the process for this to happen and the requirements in which to take the process. Also, what certain religion’s think about this as well as the pros and cons of it.
2. Is the question easily and fully researchable?
The research on What happens to the left-over embryo will the egg damage ovaries? I got 155,000 results for every 43 seconds. If I type left over embryos I get about 2,030,000 results. While searching I received many websites the first to appear was https://www.theaustralian.com.au a very reliable source with many topics with the frozen embryos and the risks and cons, On the second search I received a large variety of websites and articles the first one to appear is a very reliable website www.kidspot.com.au this is also a reliable source which has many topics for me to research into.

3. What type of information do I need to answer the research question?
I need information about the different communities and reglious perspectives and views as well as the statistics of the amount of people that would consider or disagree completely with the left-over embryo and how it may affect the client in a good or bad way as in it may hurt the woman’s ovary’s.
I will need to find information about the process of the embryo, what the risks of the procedure are and the information that can be identified from them as this will show why parents would decide to do this procedure. This would then allow me to identify how it may be helpful or harmful to the womb. This information will be found in article websites books forums and news reports.
4. Is the scope of this information reasonable?
The scope of the information is reasonable as it is an ongoing concern because to assist your pregnancy is good but what will have with the other embryos is that bad some religions believe so. There are many sources on this topic, this procedure could help improve your chances of achieving pregnancy.
5. Given the type and scope of the information that I need, is my question too broad, too narrow, or o.k.?
This research question covers many topics of the technology used which will expand into other aspects of IVF or ICIS allowing me to access many documents and websites with reliable data I would say this research question is ok there are no issues regarding the information most sources are reliable and extremely useful.

6. What sources will have the type of information that I need to answer the research question (journals, books, websites, magazines, government documents, and people)?
• Online Resource: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com, gives many sources and documents to assist my research on the topic.
• Website: https://www.varta.org.au talks about the IVF and how its involved
• Website: https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au
• Book/journal: Marcia C Inhorn, (2010) Religion and Reproductive Technologies, volume 46 issue 2, www.anthrosource.onlinelibrary.com
• Article: Arthur L. Grail, (1989 (when reproductive technology became big), the Religious Response to Reproductive Technology, www.religion-online.com
• Medical websites: IVF Australia, treatments, specialists, fees, clinic https://www.ivf.com.au updated

7. Can I access these sources? State where source is accessed!!
These sources can be access through: the school library the internet etc.
these sources can be accessed online or by renting them at the Albany Creek Library where there are many different sources to use and primary and secondary sources can be found as well as the religious perspectives and views can all be found at the Albany creek library.

8. Given my answers to the above questions, do I have a good quality research question that I will be able to answer by doing research?
Overall, I think this research question is a great one this topic will be an important one. This is because it focuses on religious perspectives on assisted reproduction in its entirety as well as the left-over embryo that would be used.

Why infertile males choose ICSI-
Because there does not seem to be any definite known risks that target unable to have children for men using ICSI. ICSI was and is still used especially for males who are unable to have children because it takes a lot of eggs to make 1 healthy baby/ embryo. So instead, doctors throw hundreds of sperm cells onto one egg so the egg is more likely to mix with a healthy sperm cell. Although this seems like a safe procedure there are many risks and problems that occur during this process, there are many in the medical studies that believe being infertile could potentially causes the children to also be unable to have children. However, this may have been passed on by genes from the father.
Male ICIS medical website: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Some severe male conditions requiring ICSI-
Men with a very poor semen analysis, which may include a low concentration, poor motility, or poor morphology (shapes of the sperm)
Couples who have had poor fertilization with ‘conventional’ IVF on a previous cycle
Men who have non-obstructive azoospermia. These men produce sperm in low quantity and have absence of sperm in the ejaculate. They require a testicular biopsy to obtain sperm that can be used for the IVF/ICSI cycle. Some men who have had certain types of chemotherapy may have compromised sperm production and are in this category.
Men with CBAVD. These men produce sperm, but are born without a vas deferens, part of the outflow tract. These men will require either a testicular of epidydimal biopsy to retrieve their sperm.
Men who have had vasectomies. If a man has had a vasectomy and does not wish to have a reversal, a testicular or epidydimal biopsy can be done to obtain sperm that can then be used for IVF/ICSI.

ICSI Brief Outline:
Fertilization by ICSI – A doctor (who is an expert on embryos) will select a single sperm from the washed sample. This sperm will be put into a needle which is then carefully advanced through the outer shell of the egg and the egg membrane. The sperm is injected into the inner part (cytoplasm) of the egg, allowing fertilization to happen. Most clinics will only use ICSI if there is an issue with male factor inability to have children (such as low sperm concentrations, swimming strength or poor sperm, where the benefits are clear. They might also, at a stretch use ICSI for couples who have had pervious IVF rounds with low or no fertilization with mature eggs that should have (allowed an egg to grow and develop into a living thing).

Chosen Research Question:
The chosen research question for the rest of this report is “What happens to the left-over embryo will the egg damage ovaries?” This is because of not only the importance of this question, but the fact that it effects everyone who may be interested in choosing this form of reproduction Assessing a situation or choice requires this kind of thinking such as what are the risks and will it work. Which is why a person choosing artificial insemination must first weigh up the pros and cons to ensure that the family and the new born baby stay safe.
Data ; Statistics Tables:
Success rates: table 1-

(Image Source: https://www.scoop.it/t/best-icsi;ivf-clinic)

Success rates: table 2-

(Image Source: http://www.ihrivf.net/success-rates/)

describing the Biological Ideas, Concepts and Theories of Biology:

Reproduction-
The (related to the body function of living things) process by which new individual organisms are produced from their “parents”. Reproduction is a basic feature of all known life; each individual organism exists as the result of reproduction. There are two forms of reproduction:
Non-sexual reproduction – an organism can reproduce without the involvement of another organism. Non-sexual reproduction is not limited to single-celled organisms. The (making an exact copy of a living thing) of an organism is a form of non-sexual reproduction. By non-sexual reproduction, an organism creates a (related to tiny chemical assembly instructions inside of living things) almost the same or identical copy of itself. The (change for the better, over time) of sexual reproduction is a major puzzle for scientists (who study living things). The two-fold cost of sexual reproduction is that only 50% of organisms reproduce and organisms only pass on 50% of their (tiny chemical assembly instructions inside of living things).
Sexual reproduction – usually needs/demands the sexual interaction of two (made to do one thing very well) organisms, called gametes, which contain half the number of (genetic information storage areas) of (usual/ commonly and regular/ healthy) cells and are created by meiosis, with usually a male fertilizing a female of the same species to create an (allowed an egg to grow and develop into a living thing) (fertilized egg). This produces children/child organisms whose (related to tiny chemical assembly instructions inside of living things) (features/ qualities/ traits) are taken from those of the two parental organisms.

Things that effect you chances of reproducing naturally-
woman:
• the age of 35 to 40 -around this time most woman go through menopause. If you have been trying to understand/create for six months or longer than seeing with a doctor is strongly (gave opinions about what could or should be done about a situation).
• If you’re over age 40
• If you menstruate irregularly or not at all
• Your periods are very painful
• You have known life-creating ability problems
• You’ve been (identified a disease or its cause) with endometriosis or hip-related swelling-related disease
• You’ve had many miscarriages
• You’ve gone through treatment for cancer
man:
• You have a low sperm count or other problems with sperm
• You have a history of testicular, (male reproductive gland) or sexual problems
• You’ve gone through treatment for cancer
• You have testicles that are small or swelling in the scrotum known as a varicocele
• You have others in your family with inability to have children/grow crops problems

Types of assisted reproductive treatment-
Ovulation Induction (OI) – Used by women who are not ovulating or are not ovulating regularly. Ovulation induction involves taking a (chemical produced by the body) medicine (tablet or injection), which stimulates the production of hair root-stimulating (chemical produced by the body).
(not made by nature/fake) Insemination (AI) – used to treat women who have (usual/ commonly and regular/ healthy) and healthy fallopian tubes, but for unknown reasons cannot understand/create. The process of AI involves insertion of a male partner’s semen through the female’s cervix and into the uterus at or just before the time of ovulation, and can be (did/done/completed) during a natural menstrual cycle, or in combination with ovulation induction if the woman has irregular menstrual cycles.
Donor Beginning (DI) – This form of reproduction is used when either a male partner does not produce sperm, a male partner does not produce (usual/ commonly and regular/ healthy) sperm, or there is a high risk of a man passing on a (related to tiny chemical assembly instructions inside of living things) disease or (something that’s different from what’s usually expected) onto the child. Donor insemination may also be used by single women and women in same-sex relationships. The process of donor insemination is the same as (not made by nature/fake) insemination.
In-vitro Fertilization (IVF) – Used in a range of facts or conditions (that surround someone) to help with conception but is often the only means of (accomplishing or gaining with effort) pregnancy for women whose fallopian tubes are blocked. In IVF, the woman’s eggs are collected, along with sperm from the male partner or donor. The egg and sperm are left in a culture dish in the laboratory to allow the egg to be fertilized. If an (animal in a very early life stage) develops it is then put into the woman’s uterus.
Gamete Intrafallopian Move (from one place to another) (GIT) – The woman’s eggs are retrieved from her ovaries and inserted between two layers of sperm in fine tubing. This tubing is then fed into one of the woman’s fallopian tubes, where the egg and sperm are left to fertilize naturally.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ISI) – Used for the same reasons as IVF, but especially to overcome sperm problems. (almost completely/basically), ICSI follows the same process as IVF, except ICSI involves the direct injection of a single sperm into each egg to (accomplish or gain with effort) fertilization
(when one person is ordered to do the job of another) – A woman carries a child for another person or couple with the plan/purpose of giving the child to that person or couple after birth.
Preimplantation (related to tiny chemical assembly instructions inside of living things) (identification of a disease or problem, or its cause) (PGD) – Used to reduce the risk or avoid transmission of a (related to tiny chemical assembly instructions inside of living things) disease or problem with a gene. Can be used by couples who have, or have a family history of, a (related to tiny chemical assembly instructions inside of living things) disease or problem with a gene that they risk passing on to their children. Can also be used for couples who have had repeated miscarriages or repeated IVF failure and for women of advanced mother-based age. PGD is when one or two cells are removed from the (animal in a very early life stage) and are screened for a (related to tiny chemical assembly instructions inside of living things) condition. (animals in very early life stages) unaffected by a (related to tiny chemical assembly instructions inside of living things) condition may then be selected for move (from one place to another) to the woman’s uterus.

The difference between natural and assisted reproduction-
Natural reproduction involves having sex with the opposite sex in the hopes of producing a baby. Whereas helped reproduction is the process of understanding/creating a child either outside of inside the body, without the use of sex (unless the mother is a substitute planning on giving her child to a couple that cannot understand/create). However, it is important to note that natural reproduction isn’t the same as natural (related to the process of making children) technology.
Unnatural reproduction technology – Is when the baby is fertilized inside the mother or if the mother is given a tablet or injection to help her through the process of understanding/creating a child. For example, ovulation induction and gamete intrafallopian move (from one place to another).
assisted reproduction technology – the baby is put inside the mother after it has fertilized. For example, in-vitro fertilization (IVF).
Many choose to go with a more natural type of (related to the process of making children) technology because they don’t want their child to be at risk and because of either religious or personal morals.

As the world changes, so does our technology. There are some different problems that produces/makes happen a person’s ability to produce. Lucky for these people, there are different means of helping and even fixing these problems. Whether it’s using natural fixes (for diseases), helped (related to the process of making children) technology (ART), or natural (related to the process of making children) technology.

Cell reproduction is the process by which cells divide to form new cells. Each time a cell divides, it makes a copy of all its (genetic information storage areas), which are tightly coiled in thin pieces/strings of DNA (Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid). The two different types of cell division are meiosis and mitosis and are responsible for creating these two different types of cells. Mitosis is the process that creates a nearly exact copy of the original cell. Body-related cells, which include nearly all human cells, are created by this process. Meiosis is a different form of reproduction that leads to the production of germ cells, or sex cells. Well-thought-out reproduction is also widely known as helped reproduction, as it involves the help of a doctor (or other) and/or the use of ART when trying to reproduce. Well-thought-out reproduction happens when a couple are unable to produce a child on their own due to either male inability to have children/grow crops, an unhospitable womb, dangerous (related to tiny chemical assembly instructions inside of living things) history, or different other medical problems.

When it comes down to both males and females, there are different problems that can stop their life-creating ability. For men, these problems include: problems with sexual function (egg: difficulty with ejaculation, reduced sexual desire, etc.), pain and swelling or even a lump in the testicle area, repeating breathing and lung related infections, decreased facial or body hair (or other signs of a DNA-based or hormonal (something that’s different from what’s usually expected)), having a lower than (usual/ commonly and regular/ healthy) sperm count, and even the inability to smell. Whereas, when it comes to the problems females face, the majority are a lot easier to control. Some of these problems include: a woman’s weight (if she is too (very overweight) or too thin), age (once a woman hits menopause (around 35-40 years old), household chemicals (egg: (things that dirty the air, oceans, etc.), bug-killing chemicals, industrial compounds, etc.), smoking, alcohol, breastfeeding while trying to understand/create another child, injectable birth control, thyroid disease, stress, and even extreme exercise as well as too much (drug that gives you energy). Lucky for those who are unable to or are having difficulty understanding/creating, helped (related to the process of making children) technology, otherwise known as ART, was created to help those who are unable to understand/create, understand/create. ART is the technology used to (accomplish or gain with effort) pregnancy in procedures such as life-creating ability medicine, in vitro (allowing an egg to grow and develop into a living thing) and (when one person is ordered to do the job of another). It includes life-creating ability treatments that handle both a woman’s egg and a man’s sperm. It works by removing eggs from a woman’s body. The eggs are then mixed with sperm to make (animals in very early life stages). The (animals in very early life stages) are then put back in the woman’s body. ART procedures sometimes use donor eggs, donor sperm, or (before that/before now) frozen (animals in very early life stages). It may also involve a substitute or (related to being pregnant) carrier.

A lot of people have trouble telling the difference between natural production, natural productive technology, and helped (related to the process of making children) technology. Natural reproduction involves having sex with the opposite sex in the hopes of producing a baby. Whereas helped reproduction is the process of understanding/creating a child either outside of inside the body, without the use of sex (unless the mother is a substitute planning on giving her child to a couple that cannot understand/create). However, it is important to note that natural reproduction isn’t the same as natural (related to the process of making children) technology. Natural (related to the process of making children) technology Is when the baby is fertilized inside the mother or if the mother is given a tablet or injection to help her through the process of understanding/creating a child. For example, ovulation induction and gamete intrafallopian move (from one place to another). Helped (related to the process of making children) technology (ART) includes the involvement of a third-party (whether it be a doctor or a donor) as well as involving some sort of (related to computers and science) process. When it comes to possible future developments, according to a (person who works to find information) from the Department of (related to the process of making children) Science and Medicine, “Research is now focusing on methods to improve IVF success rates while reducing twin and triplet pregnancies and their connected increased deadliness and death” (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11866685). He then goes on to suggest that one approach is to develop (examining and testing so a decision can be made) methods to identify the most doable/possible (animals in very early life stages), so that move (from one place to another) of fewer healthy (animals in very early life stages) will result in a higher proportion of singleton pregnancies.
Although ART helps those who are unable to have children/grow crops understand/create, there are still those who believe it is cruel and dishonest, especially those who are religious. A lot of the time it’s hard to forget how different we all are. Especially relating to/about religious beliefs and how this shapes their personal morals. For example, Jehovah’s witnesses are strongly against blood transfusions. Some will even go so far as to let their newborns die rather than fill their body with another person’s blood, which would have allowed that child to live. Religious parties are so tied into their religion to the point where things like blood transfusions and other choice forms of reproduction is something they refuse to play part in. However, relating to/about ICSI, this isn’t seen as the most terrible form of ART, as it is only responsible for singling out one sperm cell and then letting that sperm fuse with the egg on its own.

One of the biggest factors connected with any kind of helped life-creating ability method is the cost involved. These prices can range from $500-$9000 depending of the type of ART you’re looking for (egg: ICSI, IVF, OI, etc.). Another important factor that is known to push people away from these other forms of reproduction are the possible risks that come with these processes. In any situation, whether it be medical or otherwise, the first thing you must ask yourself is, “what are the risks”. Testing/evaluating a situation or choice needs/demands this kind of thinking. Which is why a person choosing (not made by nature/fake) insemination must first weigh up the pros and cons (risks and benefits) to make sure that both themselves and the baby stay safe. It’s important to know the risks to make such an important and life-changing decision. A decision that, if not followed correctly, could result in putting the mother and/or the baby at risk. That’s why (as explored in detail in research question 2) risks like this are important to note when about ART and if it’s the best overall choice.

Overall, based on a critical analysis and (understanding/ explanation) of available data (related to/looking at/thinking about) my research proposal, if a male is unable to have children/grow crops and cannot, as a result, produce sperm, then ICSI is the best form of a different reproduction. However, although ICSI is the most preferred choice when the cause is male inability to have children/grow crops, there are those who believe that it is not a better choice overall. This is due to the large amounts of risks that can happen to those who go through this process, as well as its (unsure of what to do) and unreliable data (the success rates especially.

Frozen embryos
Transfer- (FET) frozen embryo transfer is a cycle where the frozen embryo from a previous IVF cycle is defrosted and put back into a woman’s uterus. This means woman won’t have to endure another cycle of hormone stimulation and an egg collection. Frozen embryo cycles can be undertaken on your natural cycle or using hormone preparation, or ovulation induction.

Why freeze the embryo? – Sometimes during an IVF cycle, we’ll be able to create more than one embryo. We’ll usually recommend transferring one, and freezing the others. This is due to the serious risks associated with multiple pregnancies if you transfer more than one embryo at a time.

What are the Benefits of frozen embryos? – Embryo freezing gives you more opportunities for a pregnancy for each hormone stimulation cycle and egg collection. If you do not become pregnant from the first transfer from that cycle, we can transfer a frozen embryo during a frozen embryo transfer cycle.
This means you won’t have to undergo another hormone stimulation cycle and egg collection.

Success rates- without frozen embryos and with frozen embryos.

Where are the frozen embryos stored? – the embryos are stored at any IVF facility in Australia they will stay there until you decide what you would like to do with them: use it, discard it or donate the embryos away.

How are the embryos frozen? – Embryos can be frozen from Day 2 the four cell stage to Day 5 the Blastocyst. The embryos are placed in plastic straws which are sealed at both ends, labelled with your name and identification number. Once everything is good to go they then go into a freezing machine where the temperature is -150° C, a process then starts called vitrification. The straws are placed in goblets, and put into tanks filled with liquid nitrogen, which keeps the temperature at -196° C.
What to do with the left-over embryos? – once you have no further use for your frozen embryos, you can decide to freeze them and let them regress naturally or to donate them to scientific research or donate them to someone who is unable to conceive a child.

Menstrual cycle

A process that occurs every month for females and lasts around 5-7 days of bleeding. The menstrual cycle starts around the ages of 12-16 and is continuous for most of the woman’s life until around the ages of 45-55 when a process called menopause stops the menstruation cycle.

Most girls experience systems before their period like tender breasts, cramps, headaches and ovulation. This continues throughout the period and sometimes after wards as well.

The period occurs due to the lining in the uterus breaking down. After the period the lining slowing grows back again and the egg matures in one of the ovaries, day 19-28 of the period cycle ovulation occurs where the egg Is released and travels towards the uterus, once released there are two different routes that could occur, the first is if the egg is not fertilized with a sperm during this time the lining will start to break down and the cycle repeats or the second is where the egg is fertilized with a sperm cell the egg will attach itself to the lining that’s when the woman becomes pregnant and the menstrual cycle will not occur until after the birth of the baby.